Verifying updated values in SQL SERVER

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In most cases after table is updated we fire a select statement to check whether the value is updated correctly or not.

We can accomplish the same task by using OUTPUT clause in SQL server. Using Output clause we can verify the original value and updated values.

Here I’ll update column  MaritalStatus of employee table of AdventureWorks2008 database.

Before doing update we’ll check the values of MaritalStatus Employee table.

SELECT   BusinessEntityID
       , MaritalStatus

FROM  [HumanResources].[Employee]

WHERE BusinessEntityID IN ( 1,2,4)


BusinessEntityID MaritalStatus
1 S
2 S
4 S


In below query we are updating MaritalStatus from ‘S’ to ‘M’

UPDATE [HumanResources].[Employee]

SET MaritalStatus ='M'

OUTPUT  deleted.BusinessEntityID
       ,deleted.MaritalStatus AS BeforeUpdateMaritalStatus
       ,inserted.MaritalStatus AS AfterUpdateMaritalStatus
WHERE  MaritalStatus='S'
AND BusinessEntityID IN ( 1,2,4)


After executing the query we’ll get below  output which shows values before and after update.

BusinessEntityID BeforeUpdateMaritalStatus AfterUpdateMaritalStatus
1 S M
2 S M
4 S M

We again cross verify by running below query.

SELECT  BusinessEntityID
FROM  [HumanResources].[Employee]
WHERE BusinessEntityID IN ( 1,2,4)
BusinessEntityID MaritalStatus
1 M
2 M
4 M

So now we can use output clause directly instead of using select statements to verify updated values and original values.


How to get working days between two dates in SQL Server

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This post is about how to find the working day between Two Dates.

Consider the working days from Monday to Friday. We know that DATEDIFF function is used to calculate the Difference between two dates.

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].fn_CountOfWorkingDays
( @StartDate DATETIME
  ,@EndDate  DATETIME
     DECLARE @CountOfWorkingDays INT
     SELECT @CountOfWorkingDays= ((DATEDIFF(dd, @StartDate, @EndDate) + 1) 
 -(DATEDIFF(wk, @StartDate, @EndDate) * 2)
 -(CASE WHEN DATENAME(dw, @StartDate) = 'Sunday' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END)
 -(CASE WHEN DATENAME(dw, @EndDate) = 'Saturday' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END))
RETURN @CountOfWorkingDays


SELECT [dbo].[fn_CountOfWorkingDays] ( '2017-01-01','2017-01-31') CountOfWorkingDays 

In above function  DATEDIFF(dd,@StartDate,@EndDate ) + 1 gives us  the number of days between the two dates and  DATEDIFF(wk,@StartDate,@EndDate ) this gives the number of weeks between dates and * 2 gives us the weekend (Saturday and Sunday) count.CASE statement will excludes the day if it’s a Saturday or Sunday.

In case you want to calculate working days from Monday to Saturday then just remove last case statement and * 2 from  (DATEDIFF(wk, @StartDate, @EndDate) * 2)

ALTER FUNCTION [dbo].fn_CountOfWorkingDays
( @StartDate DATETIME, 
 @EndDate    DATETIME )
 DECLARE @CountOfWorkingDays INT
 SELECT @CountOfWorkingDays=
             ((DATEDIFF(dd, @StartDate, @EndDate) + 1)
 -(DATEDIFF(wk, @StartDate, @EndDate) )
 -(CASE WHEN DATENAME(dw, @StartDate) = 'Sunday' THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) )
RETURN @CountOfWorkingDays


SELECT [dbo].[fn_CountOfWorkingDays] ( '2017-02-01','2017-02-28') CountOfWorkingDays 


Rename Table In SQL SERVER

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We can rename table by using T-SQL or SQL server management Studio.

Before renaming any object in SQL server we have to check the dependency of that object.

We can check it by using sp_depends  Or sys.sql_expression_dependencies this DMV.

After renaming table we have to change the table name in each queries, stored procedure, views, function and all other objects where it was being referenced.

Using SQL Server Management Studio

To rename a table

  1. In Object Explorer, right-click the table you want to rename and choose Design from the shortcut menu.
  2. From the View menu, choose Properties.
  3. In the field for the Name value in the Properties window, type a new name for the table.
  4. To cancel this action, press the ESC key before leaving this field.
  5. From the File menu choose Save table name.

 or Simply select the object and press F2 key and type the new name.

Using T SQL:

USE YourDatabaseName;


EXEC sp_rename ‘Schema_name.old_Table_name’, ‘new_Table_name ‘;

Concatenate Rows using FOR XML PATH()

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To concat multiple rows of data into single row we can use XML PATH(”).

SELECT ‘,’ + Column_Name … FOR XML PATH(”)

Generates a set of comma separated values, based on combining multiple rows of data from the Column_Name column. It will produce a value  ,abc,pqr,


Is then used to remove the leading comma that the previous trick generated, see STUFF for details about its parameters.

The STUFF function inserts a string into another string. It deletes a specified length of characters in the first string at the start position and then inserts the second string into the first string at the start position.

For example :

We will create a Temp table and insert some sample data.

DECLARE @ConcateTest TABLE(Id INT,CityName VARCHAR(20))

INSERT @ConcateTest(Id,CityName)

VALUES(1,’Los Angeles’),(1,’Austin’)

,(2,’Houston’),(2,’         Fort Worth’)

,(3,’New York’),(3,’Dallas’)

,(4,’Atlanta’),(4,’cape town’)


STUFF((SELECT ‘,’+CityName

FROM @ConcateTest CT1


FOR XML PATH(”)),1,1,”) AS CityName FROM @ConcateTest CT2

ID CityName
1 Los Angeles,Austin
2 Houston,      Fort Worth
3 New York,Dallas
4 Atlanta,cape town